Ethnic Group


Indonesia is an ethnically diverse country




Ethnic Group

Taman Nasional

There are 1,340 recognised ethnic groups in Indonesia. The vast majority of those belong to the Austronesian peoples.

Based on ethnic classification, the largest ethnic group in Indonesia is the Javanese who make up about 40% of the total population. The Javanese are concentrated on the island of Java, but millions have migrated to other islands throughout the archipelago because of the transmigration program. The Sundanese are the next largest group, they live on the island of Java in the west, with the Javanese in the middle and east. Batak, Madurese, Betawi, Minangkabau, Bugis, and Malay are the next largest groups in the country.

Many ethnic groups, particularly in Kalimantan and Papua, have only hundreds of members. Most of the local languages belong to the Austronesian language family, although a significant number of people, particularly in eastern Indonesia, speak unrelated Papuan languages. Chinese Indonesians make up a little less than 1% of the total Indonesian population according to the 2000 census. Some of these Indonesians of Chinese descent speak various Chinese dialects, most notably Hokkien and Hakka.

Sumatra

There are many indigenous ethnic groups that inhabit the island of Sumatra, from the northernmost to the southernmost, from the west coast and east coast, as well as several islands around the main island, Sumatra. The following list is a list of indigenous ethnic groups that have been recorded and whose whereabouts are known, namely: Aceh, Tamiang, Gayo, Alas, Kluet, Julu, Aneuk Jamee, Sigulai, Lekon, Devayan, Haloban, Karo, Batak Toba, Angkola, Mandailing, Simalungan, Pakpak, Nias, Mentawai, Enggano, Minangkabau, Melayu, Batin, Kubu, Anak Dalam Batin Sembilan, Duano, Jambi, Kerinci, Mukomuko, Pekal, Rejang, Lembak, Serawai, Basemah, Kaur, Sakai, Akit, Talang Mamak, Bonai, Laut, Komering, Palembang, Gumai, Semendo, Lintang, Kayuangung, Lematang, Ogan, Pasemah, Sekayu, Rawas, Banyuasin, Lom, Sekak, and Lampung.

Sumatra

There are 13 National Parks on the island of Sumatra and its surroundings. They are; Batang Gadis, Berbak, Bukit Barisan Selatan, Bukit Duabelas, Bukit Tigapuluh, Mount Leuser, Kerinci Seblat, Sembilang, Siberut, Tesso Nilo, Way Kambas, Zamrud, and Mount Maras. Two of these National Parks are Ramsar Sites (Berbak and Sembilang). Bukit Barisan Selatan and Kerinci Seblat, are also World Hertage Sites. Siberut is the World Network of Biosphere Reserves. Gunung Leuser, as well as a World Heritage Site and World Network of Biosphere Reserves.

Kalimantan

There are 8 National Parks on the island of Kalimantan (Indonesia) and its surroundings. They are; Betung Kerihun, Bukit Baka Bukit Raya, Danau Sentarum, Gunung Palung, Kayan Mentarang, Kutai, Sebangau, and Tanjung Puting. One of them is the World Network of Biosphere Reserves (Tanjung Puting). Another one of them is the Ramsar Site (Danau Sentarum). Also, One of these National Parks is proposed as the World Heritage Site (Betung Kerihun).

Sulawesi

There are 9 national parks located spread across Sulawesi Island, as well as small islands around the Main Island. These national parks are; Bantimurung-Bulusaraung, Bogani Nani Wartabone, Bunaken, Gandang Dewata, Kepulauan Togean, Lore Lindu, Rawa Aopa Watumohai, Taka Bone Rate, and Wakatobi. Three of them are the World Network of Biosphere Reserves (Lore Lindu, Taka Bone Rate, and Wakaobi), and one is the Ramsar Site (Rawa Aopa Watumohai). Three of these National Parks were proposed as the World Heritage Site (Bunaken, Taka Bone Rate, and Wakatobi)  

Maluku & Papua

There are 5 National Parks on the Maluku islands and Papua (Indonesia), and its surroundings. They are; Aketajawe Lolobata, Lorentz, Manusela, Teluk Cendrawasih, and Wasur. One of these National Parks is the Ramsar Site (Wasur), and other one of them is the World Hertage Sites (Lorentz).

Lesser Sunda Islands

There are 7 national parks located spread across Bali and Nusa Tenggara islands, as well as small islands around the Main Island. These national parks are; Bali Barat, Gunung Rinjani, Kelimutu, Komodo, Laiwangi Wanggameti, Manupeu Tanah Daru, and Gunung Tambora. Komodo National Park, is the World Heritage Site, as well as the World Network of Biosphere Reserves.

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