Ethnic Group


Indonesia is an ethnically diverse country




Ethnic Group

Suku Banga asal Indonesia

There are 1,340 recognised ethnic groups in Indonesia. The vast majority of those belong to the Austronesian peoples.

Based on ethnic classification, the largest ethnic group in Indonesia is the Javanese who make up about 40% of the total population. The Javanese are concentrated on the island of Java, but millions have migrated to other islands throughout the archipelago because of the transmigration program. The Sundanese are the next largest group, they live on the island of Java in the west, with the Javanese in the middle and east.

Batak, Madurese, Betawi, Minangkabau, Buginese, and Melayu/Malay are the next largest groups in the country. Many ethnic groups, particularly in Kalimantan and Papua, have only hundreds of members. Most of the local languages belong to the Austronesian language family, although a significant number of people, particularly in eastern Indonesia, speak unrelated Papuan languages.

There are ethnics who come from outside the territory of Indonesia, which since before the existence of the Indonesian state, have long lived, mixed, and some even married with local ethnicities, and have children, grandchildren, great-grandchildren and subsequent descendants in various regions in Indonesia, namely; Tionghoa, Arab, and India.

Aceh

Ethnic groups inhabit Aceh Province.
There are many indigenous ethnic groups that inhabit Aceh Province. The following list is a list of indigenous ethnic groups that have been recorded and whose whereabouts are known, namely: Acehnese, Alas, Arab, Devayan Tribe, Gayo tribe, Haloban tribe, Kluet Tribe, Lekon tribe, Pakpak tribe, Sigulai trbe, Singkil tribe, Tamiang Tribe, and Aneuk Jamee tribe which is a descendant of the Minangkabau tribe, which has long inhabited Aceh Province.

North Sumatra

Ethnic groups inhabit North Sumatra Province.
The following list is a list of indigenous ethnic groups that have been recorded and whose whereabouts are known, namely: Batak tribe, Minangkabau tribe, Malay tribe, Nias Tribe, Acehnese, India, Tionghoa, and Arab. Of the various tribes mentioned above, each consists of several sub-tribes, and even sub-sub tribes.
For example, the Batak tribe consists of several sub-tribes; Angkola tribe Karo Tribe, Mandailing Tribe, Pakpak Tribe, Simalungun Tribe, and Toba Tribe. And the Pakpak sub-tribe, consisting of several sub-sub tribes; Pakpak Suak Boang, Pakpak Suak Classen, Pakpak Suak Keppas, Pakpak Suak Pegagan, and Pakpak Suak Simsim. The Malay tribe consists of sub-tribes; Malay Deli, Langkat Malay, and Serdang Malay.
India consists of sub-tribes; Tamils, and Punjabi tribe. And Tionghoa consists of sub-tribes; hokkien, Hakka, Cantonese, and Tiochiu.

West Sumatra

Ethnic groups inhabit West Sumatra Province.
There are 4 (four) main indigenous ethnic groups that inhabit West Sumatra Province. The following list is a list of indigenous ethnic groups that have been recorded and whose whereabouts are known, namely: Malay tribe, Minangkabau tribe, Mentawai Tribe and Caniago Tribe.
In addition, there are also several ethnic groups, who have lived, mingled, and have descents, residing in the province of West Sumatra, namely; Batak, Javanese, Nias, Sundanese, and Chinese.

Jambi

Ethnic groups inhabit Jambi Province.
There are 6 (six) tribes and sub triber indigenous ethnic groups that inhabit Jambi Province. The following list is a list of indigenous ethnic groups that have been recorded and whose whereabouts are known, namely: Tribe of Anak Dalam Batin Sembilan, Kerinci tribe, Jambi tribe, Inner Tribe, Duano tribe, and Minangkabau tribe.
The Anak Dalam Batin Sembilan tribe is a sub-tribe of Anak Dalam originating from Jambi Province. Whereas; Jambi Tribe, Batin Tribe, and Duano Tribe, are 3 (three) sub-tribes of Malay Tribe, which are originating from the Jambi Province.

Riau

Ethnic groups inhabit Jambi Province.
There are 4 (four) main indigenous ethnic groups that inhabit Riau Province. The following list is a list of indigenous ethnic groups that have been recorded and whose whereabouts are known, namely: Malay Tribe, Sakai Tribe, Talang Mamak Tribe, and Minangkabau.
Riau is considered a very ethnically diverse province. As of 2015, the ethnic groups in Riau consist of Malays (37.74%), Javanese (25.05%), Minangkabau (11.26%), Batak (7.31%), Banjar (3.78%), Chinese (3.72%), and Bugis (2.27%).

Kepulauan Riau

Ethnic groups inhabit Kepulauan Riau Province.
There are 10 (ten) ethnic groups, Tribes and Sub-Tribes, that inhabit Kepulauan Riau Province. The following list is a list of indigenous ethnic groups that have been recorded and whose whereabouts are known, namely: Malay Tribe, Barok People, Mantang People, Nanga People, Posik People (Pusek/Persik), Sebarok People, Sengkarak People, Tambus People, Teluk Nipah People, and Tionghoa.
Barok People, Mantang People, Nanga People, Posik People (Pusek/Persik), Sebarok People, Sengkarak People, Tambus People, Teluk Nipah People, are the sub tribes of Laut Tribe who still survive and live in Riau Islands. And there are 4 (four) Tionghoa sub tribes inhabit Kepulauan Riau Province; Hokkian, Hakka, Tiochiu, and Hainan.

South Sumatra & Bangka Belitung

Ethnic groups inhabit South Sumatra Province & Bangka Belitung Province.
There are 28 (twenty eight)  ethnic groups inhabit South Sumatra Province and Bangka Belitung Province. The following list is a list of indigenous ethnic groups that have been recorded and whose whereabouts are known, namely: Ameng Sewang, Anak Dalam, Daya, Musi, Ogan, Enim, Kayu Agung, Kikim, Kisam, Komering, Lahat, Lematang, Lintang, Malay, Pasemah, Padamaran, Rambang Senuling, Lom, Mapur, Meranjat, Ranau, Rawas, Saling, Sekak, Semendo, Pegagan, Penesak, and Pemulutan.

Bengkulu & Lampung

Ethnic groups inhabit Bengkulu Province & Lampung Province.

There are 31 (thirty one)  ethnic groups inhabit Bengkulu Province and Lampung Province. The following list is a list of indigenous ethnic groups that have been recorded and whose whereabouts are known, namely: Bengkulu, Pasemah, Kedurang Padang Guci, Rejang, Enggano, Kaur, Serawai, Lembak, Mulo-muko, Suban, Pekal, Batin, Pindah, Lampung, Sungkai, Way Kanan, Abung, Tulang Bawang, Belalau, Krui, Ranau, Pubian, Melinting, Semaka, Smuong, Darah Putih/Way Handak, Way Lima, Pemingir Teluk, Komering, Cikoneng, and Merpas.

Republic of Indonesia


Indonesia is an ethnically diverse country

0
Time Zones
0
Provinces
0
Regencies & Cities
0
Districts

West Kalimantan

Ethnic groups inhabit West Kalimantan Province.
There are 3 (three) main indigenous ethnic groups that inhabit West Kalimantan Province; Malay Tribe, Dayak Tribe, and Tionghoa. However, there are many sub tribes on them. The following list is a list of indigenous ethnic groups, sub tribes, that have been recorded and whose whereabouts are known, namely: Pontianak, Sambas, Sintang, Ngabang, Sanggau, Babak, Badat, Barai, Bangau, Bukat, Entungau, Galik, Gun, Iban, Jangkang, Kalis, Kantuk, Kayan, Kayanan, Kede, Kendayan, Keramai, Klemantan, Pos, Punti, Randuk, Ribun, Cempedek, Dalam, Darat, Darok, Desa, Kopak, Koyon, Lara, Senunang, Sisang, Suhaid, Sungkung, Limbai, Maloh, Mayau, Mentebak, Menyangka, Sani, Seberuang, Sekajang, Selayang, Selimpat, Dusun, Embaloh, Empayuh, Engkarong, Ensanang, Menyanya, Merau, Mualang, Muara, Muduh, Muluk, Ngalampan, Ngamukit, Nganayat, Panu, Pengkedang, Pompang, Senangkan, Suruh, Tabuas, Taman, Tingui, Hakka, and Tiochiu.

South Kalimantan & Central Klimantan

There are 3 (three) main indigenous ethnic groups that inhabit South Kalimantan Province and Central Kalimantan Province; Banjar Tribe, Dayak Tribe, and Buginese. There are 3 (three) sub tribes of Banjar Tribe ; Banjar Kuala, Banjar Pahuluan, and Banjar Batang Banyu. Thirteen sub tribes of Dayak Tribe; Dayak Abal, Dayak Bakumpai, Dayak Berangas, Dayak Meratus, Dayak Dusun Deyah, Dayak Bentian, Dayak Bawo, Dayak Lawangan, Dayak Maanyan, Dayak Ngaju, Suku Dayak Ot Danum, Suku Dayak Siang Murung, and Dayak Taboyan. And 1 (one) sub Tribe of Buginese, origin here, Pagatan Bugis people.

East Kalimantan & North Kalimantan

There are 3 (three) main indigenous ethnic groups that inhabit East Kalimantan Province and North Kalimantan Province; Paser Tribe, Kutai Tribe, Banjar Tribe, Berau Tribe, and Dayak Tribe.
However, many sub tribes of Dayak tribe inhabit these two provinces; Auheng, Huang Tering, Oheng, Abai, Jalan, Touk, Baka, Kayan, Tukung, Bakung, Kenyah, Basap, Merap, Benuaq, Punan, Seputan, Bem, Tahol, Tingalan, Tidung, Timai, Penihing, Tunjung, Saq, Kulit, Berusu, Bulungan, Long Gelat, Busang, Long Paka, and Modang

Banten & West Java

Ethnic groups inhabit Banten Province and West Java Province.
There are 8 (eight) main ethnic groups that inhabit Banten Province and West Java Province ; Badui, Banten, Lampung, Betawi, Sundanese, Javanese, Cirebon, and Minangkabau.

DKI Jakarta

Ethnic groups inhabit DKI Jakarta
There are 9 (nine) main ethnic groups that inhabit DKI Jakarta; Betawi, Sundanese, Javanese, Minangkabau, Batak, Malay, Tionghoa, Arab, and India.

Central Java & DI Yogyakarta

Ethnic groups inhabit Central java Province and DI Yogyakarta
There are 6 (six) main ethnic groups that inhabit Central Java and DI Yogyakarta; Javanese, Samin, Malay, Sundanese, Tionghoa, and Arab.

East Java

Ethnic groups inhabit East java Province.
There are 8 (eight) main ethnic groups that inhabit East java Province; Javanese, Bawean, Tengger, Osing, Madurese Samin, Tionghoa, and Arab.

North Sulawesi & Gorontalo

Ethnic groups inhabit North Sulawsi Province and Gorontalo Province.
There are 17 (seventeen) main ethnic groups that inhabit North Sulawesi Province and Gorontalo Province ; Bantik, Bolaang Uki, Borgo, Gorontalo, Kaidipang, Minahasa, Mongondow, Polahi, Ponosakan, Ratahan, Sangir, Talaud, Tombulu, Tonsawang, Tonsea, Tonteboran, and Toulour.

Central Sulawesi

Ethnic groups inhabit Central Sulawesi
There are 20 (twenty) main ethnic groups that inhabit Central Sulawesi Province ; Bugis, Bare’e, Bada, Pamona, Bajau, Balaesang, Balantak, Banggai, Bungku, Buol, Dampelas, Dondo, Kahumamahon, Kaili, Muna, Tomia, Wakatobi, Wawonii, Kulawi, and Saluan.

West Sulawesi

Ethnic groups inhabit West Sulawesi Province
There are 6 (six) ethnic groups that inhabit West Sulawesi Province ; Mandar, Mamasa, Pattae, Dakko, Pannei, and Pattinjo.

South Sulawesi

Ethnic groups inhabit South Sulawesi Province.
There are 11 (eleven) ethnic groups that inhabit East Sulawesi Province; Bentong Duri, Luwu, Makassar, Massenrempulu, Duri, Daya Selayar, Buginese, Toala, Toraja, Oro, and Bajo.

South East Sulawesi

Ethnic groups inhabit South East Sulawesi Province.
There are 15 (fivten) ethnic groups that inhabit South East Sulawesi Province ; Buton, Buginese, Tojo Una-una, Tolaki, Moronene, Labeau, Tomboki, Wuna, Wolio, Mekongga, Wakatobi, Wangi-wangi, Kaledupa, Tomia, and Binongko.

Bali & West Nusa Tenggara

Ethnic groups inhabit Bali Province and West Nusa Tenggara Province
There are 14 (fourteen) ethnic groups that inhabit Bali Province and West Nusa Tenggara Province ; Balinese, Javanese, Osing, Loloan, Nyama Selam, Trunyan, Bayan, Dompu, Donggo, Kore, Nata, Mbojo, Sasak, and Sumbawa.

East Nusa Tenggara

Ethnic groups inhabit East Nusa Tenggara Province
There are 27 (twenty seven) ethnic groups that inhabit East Nusa Tenggara Province ; Abui, Alor, Anas, Atanfui, Atoni, Babui, Bajawa, Bakifan, Blaga, Boti, Bunak, Deing, Ende, Faun, Flores, Hanifeto, Helong, Kabola, Karera, Kawel, Kedang, Kemak, Kemang, Kolana, Kramang, Krowe Muhang, Kui, Labala, Lamaholot, Lemma, Lio, Manggarai, Maung, Mela, Modo, Muhang, Nagekeo, Ngada. Noenleni, Riung, Rongga, Rote, Sabu, Sika, Sumba, Tetun, and Marae.

Maluku & North Maluku

Ethnic groups inhabit Maluku Province and North Maluku Province
There are many ethnic and sub-ethnic groups that inhabit Maluku Province and North Maluku Province ; Alune, Ambon, Arab, Aru, Babar, Bacan, Banda, Bulli, Buru, Fordata, Galela, Gane, Gebe, Halmahera, Haruku, Jailolo, Kei, Kisar, Laloda, Leti, Lumoli, Maba, Makian, Mare, Memale, Moam, Modole, Morotai, Nuaulu, Pagu, Patani, Pelauw, Rana, Sahu, Sawai, Seram, Sula, Taliabu, Tanimbar, Ternate, Tidore, Tobaru, Tobelo, Togutil, Wemale, Wai Apu, Wai Loa, and Weda.

Papua & West Papua

Ethnic groups inhabit Papua Province and West Papua Province
There are many ethnic and sub-rthnic groups that inhabit Papua Province and West Papua Province ; Aero, Airo Sumaghaghe, Airoran, Ambai, Amberboken, Amungme, Dera, Edopi, Eipomek, Ekagi,  Emumu, Eritai, Fayu, Foua, Gebe, Gresi, Hattam, Humboltd, Hupla, Inanusatan, Irarutu, Isirawa, Iwur, Jaban, Jair, Kabari, Kaeti, Pisa, Sailolof, Samarokena, Sapran, Sawung, Wanggom, Wano, Waris, Watopen, Arfak, Asmat, Baudi, Berik, Bgu, Biak, Borto, Buruai, Kais, Kalabra, Kimberau, Komoro, Kapauku, Kiron, Kasuweri, Kaygir, Kembrano, Kemtuk, Ketengban, Kimaghama, Kimyal, Kokida, Kombai, Korowai, Kupul, Kurudu, Kwerba, Kwesten, Lani, Maden, Sawuy, Sentani, Silimo, Tabati, Tehid, Wodani, Ayfat, Yahrai, Yaly, Auyu, Citak, Damal, Dem, Dani, Demisa, Demtam, Mairasi, Mandobo, Maniwa, Mansim, Manyuke, Mariud Anim, Meiyakh, Meybrat, Mimika, Moire, Mombum, Moni, Mooi, Mosena, Murop, Muyu, Nduga, Ngalik, Ngalum, Nimboran, Palamui, Palata, Timorini, Uruway, Waipam, Waipu, Wamesa, Yapen, Yagay, Yey, Anu, and Baso.