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Temples
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National Park

Taman Nasional

In Indonesia, according to Law Number 5 of 1990 concerning the Conservation of Living Natural Resources and their Ecosystems, National Parks are defined as natural conservation areas that have native ecosystems, managed by a zoning system that is used for research, science, education, and cultivation support purposes. tourism, and recreation.

National parks that have been designated as UNESCO World Heritage Sites include the Komodo National Park in East Nusa Tenggara, Lorentz National Park in Papua and Ujung Kulon National Park in Banten. Gunung Leuser National Park in North Sumatra and Aceh, Kerinci Seblat National Park in Jambi and Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park in Lampung, Bengkulu and South Sumatra, are also included in the UNESCO World Heritage Site, which is part of the Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra.

This is the list of the national parks of Indonesia. Of the 54 national parks, 6 are World Heritage Sites, 9 are part of the World Network of Biosphere Reserves and 5 are wetlands of international importance under the Ramsar convention. A total of 9 parks are largely marine. Around 9% of the Indonesia surface are national parks (less than the 25% of Germany or the 33% of France).

The first group of five Indonesian national parks were established in 1980. This number increased constantly reaching 41 in 2003. In a major expansion in 2004, nine more new national parks were created, raising the total number to 50. Mount Tambora was added in 2015. 3 more National Parks in Sumatra, Sulawesi, and Bangka Island were added in 2016.

Java

There are 12 national parks located spread across Java Island, as well as small islands around the Main Island. These national parks are; Alas Purwo, Baluran, Bromo Tengger Semeru, Gunung Ciremai, gunung Gede Pangrango, Gunung Halimun Salak, Gunung Merapi, Gunung Merbabu, Karimunjawa, Kepulauan Seribu, Meru Betiri, and Ujung Kulon. Two of them are the World Network of Biosphere Reserves (Bromo Tengger Semeru and Gunung Gede Pangrango), and one is a World Heritage Site (Ujung Kulon).

Sumatra

There are 13 National Parks on the island of Sumatra and its surroundings. They are; Batang Gadis, Berbak, Bukit Barisan Selatan, Bukit Duabelas, Bukit Tigapuluh, Mount Leuser, Kerinci Seblat, Sembilang, Siberut, Tesso Nilo, Way Kambas, Zamrud, and Mount Maras. Two of these National Parks are Ramsar Sites (Berbak and Sembilang). Bukit Barisan Selatan and Kerinci Seblat, are also World Hertage Sites. Siberut is the World Network of Biosphere Reserves. Gunung Leuser, as well as a World Heritage Site and World Network of Biosphere Reserves.

Kalimantan

There are 8 National Parks on the island of Kalimantan (Indonesia) and its surroundings. They are; Betung Kerihun, Bukit Baka Bukit Raya, Danau Sentarum, Gunung Palung, Kayan Mentarang, Kutai, Sebangau, and Tanjung Puting. One of them is the World Network of Biosphere Reserves (Tanjung Puting). Another one of them is the Ramsar Site (Danau Sentarum). Also, One of these National Parks is proposed as the World Heritage Site (Betung Kerihun).

Sulawesi

There are 9 national parks located spread across Sulawesi Island, as well as small islands around the Main Island. These national parks are; Bantimurung-Bulusaraung, Bogani Nani Wartabone, Bunaken, Gandang Dewata, Kepulauan Togean, Lore Lindu, Rawa Aopa Watumohai, Taka Bone Rate, and Wakatobi. Three of them are the World Network of Biosphere Reserves (Lore Lindu, Taka Bone Rate, and Wakaobi), and one is the Ramsar Site (Rawa Aopa Watumohai). Three of these National Parks were proposed as the World Heritage Site (Bunaken, Taka Bone Rate, and Wakatobi)  

Maluku & Papua

There are 5 National Parks on the Maluku islands and Papua (Indonesia), and its surroundings. They are; Aketajawe Lolobata, Lorentz, Manusela, Teluk Cendrawasih, and Wasur. One of these National Parks is the Ramsar Site (Wasur), and other one of them is the World Hertage Sites (Lorentz).

Lesser Sunda Islands

There are 7 national parks located spread across Bali and Nusa Tenggara islands, as well as small islands around the Main Island. These national parks are; Bali Barat, Gunung Rinjani, Kelimutu, Komodo, Laiwangi Wanggameti, Manupeu Tanah Daru, and Gunung Tambora. Komodo National Park, is the World Heritage Site, as well as the World Network of Biosphere Reserves.

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