Taman Nasional Kepulauan Togean, Togean Islands National Park is a national park in the Togean Islands located in Tomini Bay, Central Sulawesi which was inaugurated in 2004. Administratively this area is in Tojo Una-una Regency. These islands are known to be rich in coral reefs and various rare and protected marine biota. Formed by volcanic activity, the island is covered in lush and lush vegetation, and is surrounded by rock formations. The rocks and beaches provide places for some marine animals to live and breed, such as the green turtle. Some tourist actions that can be done in the Togean Islands include: diving and snorkelling on Kadidiri Island, fishing, exploring the natural forests in the forests on Malenge Island, and visiting Mount Colo on Una-una Island. Tourists can also visit the settlements of the Bajo people in Kabalutan.
Geographical Togean Islands National Park is an archipelago located in the transition zone of the Wallace and Weber lines and is a group of small islands that cross the middle of Tomini Bay, the Taman Nasional Kepulauan Togean – TNKT area is located at coordinates 00o07’43”-00o65’06” South Latitude and 121o.51′ 63”-1220.44’00” East Longitude, extends for about 102.7 km, with a land area of approximately 755.4 km2. Togean Islands National Park consists of approximately 66 large and small islands. The islands of Unauna, Batudaka, Togean, Talatakoh, Waleakodi and Waleabahi are the major islands. The area and status of the Togean Islands National Park – TNKT which is located in Tojo Una-una Regency is based on the Decree of the Minister of Forestry Number: SK.418/Menhut-II/2004. “Changes in the function of forest areas and the designation of water areas covering ± 362,605 (three hundred sixty two thousand six hundred five) hectares, consisting of protection forest of ± 10,659 (ten thousand six hundred fifty nine) hectares, limited production forest of ± 193 (one hundred ninety three) hectares, permanent production forest of ± 11,759 ( eleven thousand seven hundred fifty nine) hectares, convertible production forest of ± 3,221 (three thousand two hundred twenty one) hectares and sea waters of ± 336,773 hectares, located in Tojo Unauna Regency, Central Sulawesi Province becomes Togean Islands National Park“.
Number of Islands
species of Corals
Species of Coral Reef Fish
Natural wealth The Togean Islands are a very strategic ecosystem of small islands in Tomini Bay and socio-economically support the surrounding land area, especially in the utilization of marine resources. This will have an impact both directly and indirectly on the coral reefs in the Togean Islands, so it is necessary to carry out integrated and sustainable management efforts. The results of the Marine Rapid Assessment Program (MRAP) survey by Conservation International Indonesia (CII) in 1998 in the Togean and Banggai Islands show that the Togean Islands are one part of the important coral reef ecosystem of the ‘coral triangle’ which covers the territory of Indonesia, the Philippines, Malaysia, Papua. New Guinea, Japan and Australia. Coral reefs in the Togean Islands are rich in marine biodiversity with 4 types of coral reefs: fringing reefs, barrier reefs, patch reefs, and atolls. The Marine RAP results recorded 262 coral species belonging to 19 Familia at 25 points of coral reefs spread across the Togean Islands. The Marine RAP results also recorded the presence of a Togean endemic coral species, namely Accropora togeanensis, at 11 coral reef observation points. Six new coral species were also found in the Togean and Banggai Islands, namely one species each from the genera Acropora, Porites, Leptoseris, Echinophyllia and 2 species from the genus Galaxea. There are 596 species of coral reef fish belonging to 62 Familia. The types Paracheilinus togeanensis and Ecsenius sp are strongly suspected of being endemic which can only be found in the Togean Islands. In addition, 555 species of molluscs from 103 families, 336 species of gastropods, 211 species of bivalves, 2 species of cephalopods, 2 species of scaphopods and 4 species of chitons were recorded.
Togean Islands National Park (Taman Nasional Kepulauan Togean – TNKT) area has several Natural Tourism Objects, coral reefs, mountains and mangroves. The three Natural Tourism Objects are meant to open up opportunities for their utilization through Natural Tourism Concession Permits. However, the utilization of tourism in this area is still very limited. Togean Islands National Park since June 2019 by UNESCO in Paris France has been designated as the 16th Biosphere Reserve in Indonesia.